Drainage is the act if naturally or artificially removing of surface and subsurface water from the area that is in excess of water. Drainage is basically done for the purposes of flood avoidance as well as preventing other damages associated with excess or uncontrolled water. Drainage at homes plays a vital role in the maintenance of the house. It’s mainly of two forms. There is the foul drainage and the water surface drainage. Foul drainage is the type of drainage that removes excess and unwanted water from places such as toilets, sinks, washing machines, and dishwashers. Water surface drainage, on the other hand, is concerned with collecting water from the rainfalls.
Other types of drainage include the French drains, footing drains, gutter drainage systems as well as the grading drainage. All these methods of drainage play a significant role In structures in that they prevent the cracking of the foundations of a house which usually compromises the integrity of a house. They also reduce the health risks to individuals which may be brought up by the growth of the molds in the basements of the house. A well drainage home maintains its value since is not faced with damages that are normally caused by water.
Other benefits of water drainage include the safety guarantees to the individuals living in a certain house. If drainage is properly managed, it reduces the instances of blockages that are caused by sediment erosion and the waste materials that are not properly disposed of. Drainage that is not well managed can also lead to cracks in the walls of the house as well as the rooftops that are made of concrete, putting those living in the house at risk because if the cracks continue, they may lead to collapse.
Proper drainage also provides a healthy environment to both individuals and the surrounding plants. Proper drainage ensures that there is no stagnant water in the compound that later result in diseases such as bilharzia. Proper drainage also ensures healthy grounds for plants to survive. This is where the stagnant water that may make these plants to die is disposed of properly. Proper drainage also prevents the invasion of insects such as mosquitoes that cause malaria.
Drainage also ensures the proper use of water at homes. If water is properly drained, then there is a proper and effective use of water. This is achieved through the construction of gutters to harvest the rainwater as well as piping which facilitates proper flow of water.
Drainage also reduces the instances of soil erosion. For instance, the construction of gutters in a house reduces the direct splashes of raindrops which leads to splash erosion. Water drainage also greatly prevents split erosion through the construction of good drainage paths that directs water to the desired destination.
Finally, good drainage prevents excess accumulation of water that leads to flooding as well as toxic materials in the structures. Use of proper drainage systems ensures that water from rainfall and the used water in homes are properly disposed of hence reducing flooding cases. It also ensures that the toxic and hazardous materials, such as those contained in toilet water are properly disposed of hence reducing the harm to the human health.